Karl Schmidt-Rottluf

1884 - 1976

H

Concentrated on landscape. Brief relationship with the Fauves. Increasingly large areas of paint thinned with petrol. From 1910 dynamic gestures rooted in strength yielded their importance as the chief expressive medium to plane areas of colour.1

TIMELINE

1884

Born December 1 in Rottluff (Saxony). Attended school in Chemnitz.

1905

Studied architecture in Dresden. Cofounded Der Brucke as the youngest member. Drawn into the circle in Dresden by his childhood friend Heckel. S-R hit on the name for the group and established the contact with Nolde.

1906

Introduced the group to lithography.

1907

Summers at Dangast on the North Sea until 1912. Did not join in on the trips to Moritzburg often in Heckelís company. In fact divided his time equally btw Dangast and Dresden thru to 1912.

1911

Visited Norway. His colors intensify. Moved to Berlin.

1912

brink of a form of Expressionist abstraction, which the Blue Rider was practicing, but now direction of a more precise definition of the subject matter. Landscape now yielded to figures and still lifes. Experimented with Cubist terminology.1

1915

Military service until 1918. The war made the question of reality less important to the question of transcendental reality.1

1923

Visited Italy

1924

Visited Paris

1931

Up until now had been spending summers in Pomerania. Member of the Prussin Academy of Arts.

1938

More than 600 works confiscated.

1941

Forbidden to paint.

1947

Appointed to the staff of the Hochschule fur bildende Kunste in Berlin.

1976

Died

 

SOURCES

1.  The Expressionists. Wolf-Dieter Dube, trans by Mary Whittall. Thames and Hudson, 1972.