Bauhaus means building. Bauhaus School of Design Center opened in 1919 in Weimer by Walter Gropius, radical architect. It moved to Dessau in 25 due to the pressure of the Nazis and closed in Berlin in 33. Kandinsky, Moholy-Nagy (fond of Russian Constructivism), Albers and Breuer (furniture designer) taught there. Synonymous with modern design
Foundation course: cross media cross art forms, combine fine arts and crafts
Bauhaus had good PR – Gropius – publications
Ver Boon (sp?) group – art, arch, industrialists
No division btw student and master
Form master and craft master had same status but craft
master was 2nd in command
Weimar: small town of 40,000 people, traditional town,
center of New National Assembly
Marcs – master of sculptor workshop out in the country,
successful turnout of pottery, banned during Nazi period.
Peter Behrens, architect, tea set goes with the room goes
with the house: Total Design. Ok with mass production, industrialization. 1901?
Exhibit of a series of model houses all fully furnished. Ended up as a design
consltant for the General Electric Company. Created a pervasive concept design
for the factory to the business card.
Vandewell, Belgium, worked in Germany, moved to Weimer –
Art Nouveau (started 1890’s) a symetrical shapes, flowing lines.
Mackintosh Scottish was in style, out of style, then at end of career popular again late 50’s early 60’s. Celtic, Medieval, Continental influence