Developed btw 1865 and 1875. Generally accepted in France by 1890.
Leading figures: Monet, Manet, Sisley, Renoir, Degas.
8 Impressionists Exhibitions between 1874-1886.
Upon the death of Gustave Caillebotte, a painter and close friend of the I, he left his collection to the state. The bequest was received in part after several years. 20 works refused: 8 Monet’s and 11 Pissarro’s and then only put part on view.
Sargent, John Singer
Sickert, Walter Richard
Whistler, James Abbot McNeil
Van Gogh, Vincent
The Year 1886 brought Arthur Rimbaud's Illuminations, the arrival in Paris of Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Gauguin first stay in Brittany. This was a significant turning point marking the birth of Neo-Impressionism, "a scientific development of I", and Symbolism in opposition to it.
1) Encyclopaedia of Impressionism. Bernard Denvir ed. Thames and
2) Fauvism. Sarah Whitfield. Thames and Hudson, 1991.
3) Praeger Encyclopedia of Art Luc-Reinhardt. Praeger Publishers, 1971.