Mercure de France

1890-1965

Gabriel-Albert Aurier founded the revue according to T. Clement.

Banquet of 1891 in February presided over by Mallarme. The guest of Honor was Moreas. Also there: Chabrier, Redon, Vanor, Seurat, Gide, Samain and Rops

History of the publication name: Mercury of France

(copied from... I forget where)

Literary and prestigious editor who opened recently with the foreign literature. The Mercury of France publishes novels, tests, but also of poetry.

The house draws its origin from a review, the Mercury of France, which appeared in Paris of 1724 to 1825. It even was the heiress of the review gallant Mercury founded at the XVIIe (17th) century. Roman God, Mercure is represented capped of a helmet decorated with two wings and holding a caduceus with the hand. It is this reason which is still today the distinctive sign of the publications of the Mercury of France.

Under the impulstion of Rémy de Gourmont and Alfred Jarry, a literary review takes again the Mercury name of France in 1890 and proposes texts Symbolists. The publisher is born in the tread. It publishes in particular the first works of Gide and Claudel, Colette, Apollinaire, George Duhamel... This last takes the direction of the house in 1935. During the war, works of George Duhamel are prohibited and rammed, a new director collaborates with the occupant. In 1945, Paul Hartman, an editor of resistance, becomes director. He operates a rebirth of the Mercury of France until his repurchase by the Gallimard Editions in 1958. Henri Michaux, Pierre Reverdy, Pierre-Jean Jouve, Louis-Rene of the Forests are published, Yves Bonnefoy, as well as the Literary journal of Paul Léautaud, then Adonis, George Séféris, Pierre Klossowski or Eugene Ionesco. Under the direction of Simone Gallimard, the house receives many literary prices, in particular those gained by Romain Gary/Emile Ajar. Isabelle Gallimard succeeds to him in 1995. Among last successes of the house : the simultaneous attribution of the Goncourt prices and Médicis with Andréi Makine in 1995 for the French Will, which will be translated into more than thirty languages.