WORLD WAR I

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CASUALTIES

 

 

Central Powers

Killed

Wounded

Missing / pow

Austria-Hungary

1.200.000

3.620.000

2.200.000

Bulgaria

87.500

152.390

27.029

Germany

1.773.700

4.216.058

1.152.800

Turkey

325.000

400.000

250.000

 

Entente & Allied

Killed

Wounded

Missing / pow

Belgium

13.716

44.686

34.659

British Empire

908.371

2.090.212

191.652

France

1.375.800

4.266.000

537.000

Greece

5.000

21.000

1.000

Italy

650.000

947.000

600.000

Japan

300

907

3

Montenegro

3.000

10.000

7.000

Portugal

7.222

13.751

12.318

Romania

335.706

120.000

80.000

Russia

1.700.000

4.950.000

2.500.000

Serbia

45.000

133.148

152.958

USA

116.516

204.002

4.500


Source: Encyclopædia Britannica

 


TIMELINE

1914

Central powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey (Ottoman Empire).

Entente

Britain, France, Russia (other nations fighting on the side of the Entente are referred to as Allied and Associated Powers)

 

28 June

Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife Sophie, duchess of Hohenberg, are killed in Sarajevo by the Serb Gavrilo Princip.

23 July

Austria-Hungary delivers an ultimatum to Serbia.

25 July

Serbia agrees to all but two of Austria-Hungary's demands.

28 July

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

30 July

Russia orders general mobilization.

1 Aug

Germany declares war on Russia.

2 Aug

German troops enter Luxembourg.

 

Germany demands free passage through Belgium.

3 Aug

Germany declares war on France.

4 Aug

Germany invades Belgium.

 

Britain declares war on Germany.

 

USA proclaims neutrality.

5 Aug

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

6 Aug

Serbia declares war on Germany

 

German troops capture Liège, Belgium.

7 Aug

Montenegro declares war on Austria-Hungary.

10 Aug

France declares war on Austria-Hungary.

12 Aug

Montenegro declares war on Germany.

 

Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary.

14 Aug

German and French troops begin the Battle of the Frontiers which will last until 6 Sep.

 

French troops enter Lorraine.

20 Aug

German troops capture Brussels, Belgium.

21 Aug

German troops capture Charleroi.

22 Aug

German troops defeat the French in the Battle of Morhange-Sarrebourg.

 

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) arrives in France.

 

Battle of Battle of Charleroi begins.

 

Battle of Namur begins.

23 Aug

Japan declares war on Germany.

 

Battle of Mons begins.

25 Aug

Austria-Hungary declares war on Japan.

 

Battle of Le Cateau begins.

26 Aug

The Battle of Tannenberg begins.

28 Aug

Austria-Hungary declares war on Belgium.

 

The British Navy defeats the Germans in the Battle of Helgoland Bight.

30 Aug

German troops capture Amiens.

31 Aug

German troops defeat the Russians in the Battle of Tannenberg.

3 Sep

Paris is placed in a state of siege and the government is transferred to Bordeaux.

5 Sep

Britain, France and Russia signs the Treaty of London, promising not to make separate peace with the the Central Powers.

 

First Battle of the Marne begins.

14 Sep

First Battle of the Aisne begins and the trench war begins.

 

French troops recapture Amiens and Rheims.

22 Sep

The German cruiser Emden bombard Madras.

1 Oct

Battle of Arras begins.

10 Oct

German troops capture Antwerp, Belgium.

14 Oct

Canadian Expeditionary Force arrives in Plymouth.

15 Oct

Battle of Ypres begins.

29 Oct

Turkey joins the Central Powers and its navy attack Odessa.

1 Nov

Russia declares war on Turkey

 

The German Navy defeats the British in the Battle of Coronel.

5 Nov

Britain and France declare war on Turkey.

 

Cyprus is annexed by Britain.

8 Dec

The British Navy defeats the Germans in the Battle of the Falkland Islands

16 Dec

German ships bombard Hartlepool, Scarborough and Whitby on east coast of Britain.

21 Dec

German air raids on Britain.

25 Dec

Christmas Truce on the Western Front.

1915

24 Jan

The British Navy defeats the Germans in the Battle of the Dogger Bank.

18 Feb

German submarine blockade of Britain begins.

19 Feb

The British Navy begins an attack on the Dardanelles.

8 Mar

Battle of Neuve Chappelle begins.

11 Mar

Britain announces blockade of German ports.

22 Mar

Russian forces capture Przemysl.

22 Apr

Second Battle of Ypres begins.

 

German troops use poison gas against Canadian troops at Ypres.

25 Apr

Britsh forces land at Gallipoli.

26 Apr

The secret Treaty of London is signed by Italy, Russia, France and Britain promising parts of Austria-Hungary to Italy if she enters the war against the Central Powers.

1 May

US steamer Gulflight sunk by German U-boat.

2 May

A large Austro-Hungarian German offensive begin in Galicia.

7 May

The British liner Lusitania (carrying not only 173 tons of ammunition, but also close to 2.000 passengers, including US citizens) is sunk by a German U-boat.

9 May

Battle of Aubers Ridge begins.

15 May

Battle of Festubert begins.

23 May

Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.

31 May

First German Zeppelin raid on London.

3 June

German troops recapture Przemysl.

4 June

German aircraft bomb English towns.

15 June

British aircraft bomb Karlsruhe.

22 June

German troops capture Lemberg.

23 June

First battle of the Isonzo begins.

26 June

Battle of the Argonne begins.

9 July

German Southwest Africa surrenders to the British forces.

18 July

Second battle of the Isonzo begins.

6 Aug

British forces land at Suvla Bay on the Gallipoli Peninsula.

19 Aug

Arabic is sunk by German U-boat.

22 Sep

Second Battle of Champagne begins.

3 Oct

Anglo-French forces land at Salonika.

6 Oct

Austro-German forces attack Serbia.

14 Oct

Bulgaria declares war on Serbia.

15 Oct

Britain declares war on Bulgaria.

17 Oct

France declares war on Bulgaria

18 Oct

Third battle of the Isonzo begins.

19 Oct

Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria

18 Nov

Fourth battle of the Isonzo begins.

20 Dec

British forces begin withdrawal from Gallipoli.

1916

13 Jan

Austro-Hungarian troops capture Cettinje, Montenegro.

2 Feb

Britain introduces conscription.

19 Feb

German Kamerun surrenderes to the British Forces.

21 Feb

Battle of Verdun begins.

18 Mar

Russian troops begin offensive at Lake Naroch.

20 Apr

Russian troops arrive in France for service on the western front.

29 Apr

The British forces at Kut-el-Amara surrenders to the Turkish troops.

9 Mar

Fifth battle of the Isonzo begins.

 

Germany declares war on Portugal.

15 Mar

Austria-Hungary declares war on Portugal.

10 May

Battle of Asiago begins.

31 May

Battle of Jutland begins.

4 June

Russian troops begin "Brusilov's offensive".

1 July

Battle of the Somme begins.

6 Aug

Sixth battle of the Isonzo begins.

27 Aug

Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary.

29 Aug

Italy declares war on Germany.

 

Germany declares war on Romania.

30 Aug

Turkey declares war on Romania.

1 Sep

Bulgaria declares war on Romania.

14 Sep

Seventh battle of the Isonzo begins.

15 Sep

Tanks used in combat for the first time, by the British forces at Flers-Courcelette (the Somme).

4 Oct

Austro-German forces attack Romania.

18 Oct

Eigth battle of the Isonzo begins.

1 Nov

Ninth battle of the Isonzo begins.

6 Dec

Austro-German forces capture Bucharest, Romania.

1917

11 Mar

British forces capture Baghdad.

15 Mar

Czar Nicholas of Russia abdicates.

17 Mar

British troops capture Bapaume.

 

French troops capture Roye and Lassigny.

6 Apr

USA declares war on Germany.

7 Apr

Cuba and Panama declare war on Germany.

9 Apr

Battle of Arras begins.

12 May

Tenth battle of the Isonzo begins.

20 May

Mutinies begin in the French army.

7 June

Battle of Messines begins.

10 June

Battle of Ortigara begins.

13 June

German aircraft bomb London.

25 June

First US troops of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) arrive in France.

22 July

Siam declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary.

31 July

Third Battle of Ypres begins.

7 Aug

Liberia declares war on Germany.

14 Aug

China declares war on Germany and Austro-Hungary.

17 Aug

Eleventh battle of the Isonzo begins.

3 Sep

German troops capture Riga.

24 Oct

Battle of Caporetto begins.

26 Oct

Brazil declares war on Germany.

6 Nov

October Revolution in Russia. Lenin comes to power and becomes the USSR.

20 Nov

Battle of Cambrai begins.

7 Dec

USA declares war on Austria-Hungary.

15 Dec

The Central Powers and Russia begins peace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk.

1918

3 Mar

The Central Powers and Russia signs peace treaty at Brest-Litovsk.

21 Mar

Large German offensive launched in the west with the Battle of Picardy.

9 Apr

Battle of the Lys begins.

27 May

Third Battle of the Aisne begins.

9 June

Battle of the Matz begins.

15 July

Second Battle of the Marne begins.

6 Aug

Second Battle of Amiens begins.

21 Aug

Second Battle of Bapaume begins.

26 Aug

Battle of the Scarpe begins.

26 Sep

Second Battle of Cambrai begins.

28 Sep

Battle of Flanders begins.

 

Battle of St. Quentin begins.

30 Sep

Bulgaria surrenders.

6 Oct

Second Battle of Le Cateau begins.

17 Oct

Battle of the Selle begins.

24 Oct

Third Battle of the Piave begins.

28 Oct

Mutiny in the German port of Kiel.

30 Oct

Turkey surrenders.

1 Nov

Battle of Sambre begins.

4 Nov

Austria-Hungary surrenders.

9 Nov

Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates.

11 Nov

Germany surrenders.